The material published on this website is subject to copyright under the Copyright Act 1968 (Cth), and it is owned by the State of New South Wales through the NSW Department of Education and Communities (the department). The material includes information, data, documents, pages and images prepared by the department.

The department encourages the availability, dissemination and exchange of public information. You may copy, distribute, display, download and otherwise freely deal with the material for any purpose, on the condition that you include the copyright notice '© State of New South Wales through the NSW Department of Education and Communities' on all uses.

You must, however, obtain permission from the department if you wish to:

  • charge others for access to the work (other than at cost)
  • include all or part of the work in advertising or a product for sale, or
  • modify the work.

To obtain such permission, please contact Elizabeth Markwick, manager copyright, on  (02) 9561 8179 or email

You may publish the material to another website, however if you publish an entire document or publication, we prefer you to make a direct link to this website to ensure that the latest version is always displayed. This website is licensed under the National Educational Access Licence for Schools (NEALS). Schools administered or represented by parties to NEALS may freely reproduce and/or make available online or electronically transmit this material in whole or part for educational uses.

This permission does not extend to copyright in the materials on this website that are owned by others.


This site uses Google Translate, a free language translation service, as an aid. Please note translation accuracy will vary across languages.